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The Andaman and Nicobar islands

15-07-2017 10:00 AM | Pooja Nevewani | My Indian Dream

The Andaman and Nicobar islands | My Indian Dream

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The most beautiful islands in the world...

Known for its gorgeous beaches and underwater wonders, this beautiful island is world famous for its beauty and one of the favourite destinations for tourists across the globe. The island is a mix of South Indians, South East Asians and indigenous tribes living here for more than centuries. Also, the island has an amazing ecosystem with world’s largest crabs and turtles found only here. Its crystal clear waters and amazing ecosystem gives every tourist a breathtaking experience. Let’s know more about these islands!

About the inhabitants

The population in Andaman and Nicobar islands are a mixture of South Indian People, some South East Asians and the traditional tribes living there. The language of people is not Andamanese or Nicobarese. The most widely spoken language here is Bengali followed by Hindi, Telugu, Tamil and Malayalam. Andaman Creole Hindi is used as a trade language on the islands. One of the most isolated populations of the world, the Sentinelese, live in the North Sentinel Island. They have cut all contacts with the rest of the world and shoot arrows at anyone who comes within their range. They are considered as the most primitive inhabitants of the island living from about 60,000 years.  

Indigenous animals to the islands

The islands are home to some beautiful animals that reside only here and not in any other part of the world! The world’s largest turtle Leatherback nests in the beaches of these islands. Their count in the Nicobar islands is about 1000 which is a significant number of their population worldwide! Other species of turtles like the Hawksbill and Green Turtle are found here. The world’s largest arthropod named Robber crab or Coconut Crab resides here. The highest number of these crabs in South Asia are found in Andaman and Nicobar archipelago. The large, cute and serene looking sea creature named Dugong (The sea cow) is found in the waters of the Little Andaman and parts of Nicobar. This creature is called ‘angel of the sea’ and can be found grazing on sea grass.   

Volcanos in the island

Barren Island which is the only active volcano in the whole of South Asia is in the Andaman Islands. Barren Island is a small 3 km wide island containing the crater which is partially filled by cinder cone. It is the source of eruptions and the first one was recorded in 1787. Also, an island named Baratang in Andaman has India’s only mud volcanos! Mud Volcanos erupt from mud domes that erupt hot mud, water and gases with loud noises and fire flares. The first mud volcano in the Baratang island was recorded in March 1983.

Some more facts!

There are few amazing facts and information about the islands. The back side of Indian 20 Rupees note has the image of North Bay island of Andaman. Fishing is commercially banned in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. The famous limestone Alfred Caves of Diglipur are the abode of Swiftlet birds that make edible nests! The caves keep changing their shape every monsoon due to a chemical process. The islands have India’s first and the only tri-service defence command.   




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A bibliophile who likes to gain and share knowledge.
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